Modeling and Standardization Researches and Discussions of the Car-roof PV through International Web Meetings
Kenji Araki1, Liang Ji2, George Kelly3, Emilio Agudo4, Ignacio Anton5, Mathieu Baudrit6, Anna Carr7, Sarah Kurtz8, Zhengxin Liu9, Moritz Limpinsel10, Zhonglin Lu11, Mauro Pravettoni12, Paul Robusto13, HIromi Tobita14, Qian Wu15, Sewang Yoon16
1Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan
/2Underwriters Laboratories, Northbrook, IL, United States
/3Sunset Technology, Mount Airy, MD, United States
/4Solar Added Value (SAV), Madrid, Spain
/5Instituto de Energía Solar-Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
/6Sono Motors GmbH, Munich, Germany
/7TNO, Amsterdam, Netherlands
/8University California Merced, Merced, CA, United States
/9SIMIT Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
/10Alta Devices, Sunnyvale, CA, United States
/11Nanjing Sunport Power Corp., Ltd., Nanjing, China
/12Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
/13Miasolé Hi-Tech Corp., Santa Clara, CA, United States
/14Japan Electrical Safety & Environment Technology Laboratory (JET), Tokyo, Japan
/15Hanergy Mobile Energy Holding Group, Beijing, China
/16TS Corporation, Seoul, Korea

A car-roof photovoltaic (PV) has significant potential. The activities of international standardization through a series of web meetings have been done by 51 volunteer scientists and engineers from 15 different countries with a good mixture of scientists, manufacturers, and testing laboratories. Specifically, it covered (1) Irradiance modeling onto the car-roof; (2) Curve correction of the PV output; (3) Quantification of partial shading loss; (4) Performance testing conditions; (5) Environmental testing conditions.