Nonlinear Equivalent Resistance-based Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
Chaitanya Poolla& Abraham K. Ishihara
Carnegie Mellon University, Moffett Field, CA, United States

We present a nonlinear equivalent resistance tracking method to optimize the power output for solar arrays. Tracking an equivalent resistance results in nonlinear voltage step sizes in the gradient descent search loop. We introduce a new model for the combined solar module along with a DC-DC converter which results in a highly nonlinear dynamical system due to the inherent non-linearity of the PV cell topology and the switched DC-DC converter system. To guarantee stability over a range of possible operating regimes, we utilize a feedback linearization control approach to exponentially converge to the setpoint. Simulations are presented to illustrate the performance and robustness of the proposed technique.